Aquarium guide
Aquarium guide     



The turbidity of water refers to the presence of suspended matter - either living organisms forming plankton (rare in an aquarium) or inert matter, such as animal or vegetable remains or particles of sediment, particularly mud.

The size of this suspended matter ranges from a few thousandths of a millimeter to several millimeters. In calm, unstirred water it forms sediment at a speed in proportion to its weight. In running or turbulent water, some of the matter remains permanently suspended, giving rise to more pronounced turbidity.

In aquariums, where the water is always in motion, systems of varying degrees of sophistication (see Filtration, page 237) allow fishkeepers keep their water clear.

The effects of this are entirely positive:

  • the visual appearance is improved;
  • the light required by the plants penetrates the water and reaches them more easily;
  • there is less risk of disease, particularly in the fishes' branchiae;
  • there is little sedimentation on the base of the tank, reducing both the possibility of any warping due to excessive weight and the decomposition of organic matter.

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РОБОТ (чеш . robot), термин, употребленный впервые К. Чапеком в пьесе "R. U. R." в 1920, которым часто обозначают машины с т. н. антропоморфным (человекоподобным) действием; обычно им придают внешнее сходство с человеком. Такие роботы, как правило, экспонаты технических выставок. В промышленном производстве и научных исследованиях применяют промышленные роботы - автоматические программно-управляемые манипуляторы, выполняющие рабочие операции со сложными пространственными перемещениями.